Northern Europe

Geography

A region of the European continent consisting of the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales), the Republic of Ireland, the Baltic states (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia) and Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden). To the south of Iceland and west of the United Kingdom lies the Atlantic Ocean; to the east of the UK and west of Denmark is the North Sea; and to the west of Norway is the Norwegian Sea. Notable cities include London (the capital of England), Oslo (Norway), Copenhagen (Denmark), Helsinki (Finland), Dublin (Republic of Ireland), Edinburgh (Scotland) and Stockholm (Sweden).

Politics,Economics and Religion

Many of these states are members of the European Union and share favorable trade status, a shared currency (in some countries), defense and economic strategies and allow free travel for their citizens between borders. Some of the Nordic countries, such as Demark, Sweden and Norway, have attained recognition as having some of the highest standards of living in the world while others like the former Soviet Balkan states are still in the process of rebuilding their economies. Tourism is broad natured and can include cultural sights of interest as well as geographic features. Economies are equally as broad based with industry, agriculture, technology, mining and manufacturing making up parts of a country's GDP. Elected parliamentary government rule is the standard way of operation for nearly all even if, like the United Kingdom, some also retain a constitutional monarchy.

History

All of the nations of the region each have their own rich and unique history. Language is specific to country but English is commonly spoken.

Climate

Westward countries have more temperate climates while lands further north are colder and can have arctic conditions. In the far north, the amount of sunshine during the day will vary depending upon the season, with some days in the summer experiencing almost around-the-clock sunshine.

Western Europe

Geography

The United Nations formally classifies Western Europe into nine countries: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and Switzerland. Switzerland, Luxembourg and the tiny Principality of Liechtenstein are the only landlocked nations in the region. France has two coastlines with the Atlantic to the west and Mediterranean Sea to the south while Germany has ports in both the North Sea and Baltic Sea. Monaco, another tiny nation, lies entirely on the Mediterranean coast and is the most densely populated nation on earth with 32,000 residents (many millionaires) living on just under two square kilometers of land. The Alps mountain range begins in Austria and runs through many of these nations. The Matterhorn, found in Switzerland, is the best known of these peaks famous for their year-round beauty.

Politics,Economics and Religion

190 million people live in these nine nations, with Germany having the largest population (85 million) and the fifth largest gross domestic product in the world; the Rhine-Ruhr region of Germany is one of the most populous industrial regions on the planet. France, with 65 million souls, ranks seventh on GDP. Together these two G8 member countries account for 8% of the world's economic power. Christianity is the most practiced form of worship. All of the countries have democratic governments of various forms (republics, parliaments) while Belgium, Monaco, Lichtenstein and the Netherlands also have constitutional monarchies. Luxembourg is the exception and also has the unique distinction of being the only country in the world with a Grand Duke serving the role of a monarch.

History

French and German are the most spoken languages in the area with many regional dialects. Many cultural and scenic points of interest can be found liberally spread across all of these countries.

Climate

Generally speaking the climate is temperate with moderate to warm summers and cold winters.

European

Adventure

european chairs
Bringing you the best of Europe

Latest News

More art found in Nazi loot probe
Dozens more art works emerge at the house of Cornelius Gurlitt, the collector found with hundreds of paintings believed stolen by the Nazis.

White House fanfare for Hollande
US President Barack Obama rolls out the red carpet for French President Francois Hollande at the White House ahead of a lavish state dinner.

Mystery of Dutch ex-minister's death
Dutch authorities say former health minister Els Borst, whose body was found by a friend late on Monday, did not die of natural causes.

US-Italian mafia raids catch 26
Police have arrested 26 suspected mafia members in the US and Italy in a joint operation targeting a new drug trafficking route.

Litvinenko widow wins inquiry ruling
The widow of former KGB spy Alexander Litvinenko who was killed in London moves a step closer to a public inquiry into her husband's death.

Berlusconi in Italy bribery trial
Former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi goes on trial for allegedly bribing a senator in 2006 to join his party.

Cyprus reunification talks resume
Talks on the reunification of Cyprus resume after an 18-month break as the Turkish and Greek Cypriot leaders meet on neutral territory.

EU agrees to open Cuba negotiations
The European Union agrees to launch negotiations with Cuba aimed at restoring full bilateral relations with the Communist-run island.

US Navy technician jailed for spying
Former US Navy cryptologist technician Robert Hoffman is sentenced to 30 years in prison for attempted espionage for Russia.

EU rules on child drugs 'cost lives'
EU rules must be changed to allow more testing of potentially life-saving cancer drugs on children, says Institute of Cancer Research.

EU official: 'Give UK voters facts'
The EU Justice Commissioner, Viviane Reding, says British voters need to see accurate "facts and figures on the table" about the EU before the European elections.

One euro in damages for Jackson fans
Five Michael Jackson fans are awarded one euro each by a French court after proving "emotional damage" from the musician's death.

US athlete trapped in Sochi lift
A US bobsleigher gets stuck in a lift 48 hours after having to smash through a jammed door at the Olympic athletes' village in Sochi, Russia.

ECB's Draghi rejects deflation fears
The European Central Bank holds off from cutting rates, keeping the benchmark rate at a record low of 0.25%, as it rejects worries about deflation.

Legal costs hit Credit Suisse profit
Credit Suisse profits have been held back by the cost of fighting U.S. investigations into alleged tax evasion and the mis-selling of mortgage-related products.

VIDEO: Foreign Affairs Council
EU foreign minister debate the violence in Bosnia, and trade talks with Cuba.

Albania profile
Provides an overview of Albania, including key events and facts about this European country

Andorra country profile
Provides an overview of Andorra, including key events and facts.

Armenia country profile
Provides an overview of Armenia, including key events and facts about this eastern European country

Austria country profile
Provides an overview of Austria, including key events and facts about this European country.

Azerbaijan country profile
Provides an overview of Azerbaijan, including key events and facts.

Belarus country profile
Provides an overview of Belarus, including key events and facts about this east European country

Belgium country profile
Provides an overview of Belgium, including key events and facts about this European country

Bosnia-Hercegovina
Provides an overview of Bosnia, including key events and facts about this European country which used to form part of Yugoslavia.

Bulgaria country profile
Provides an overview of Bulgaria, including key events and facts about this eastern European country

Croatia country profile
Provides an overview of Croatia, including key events and facts about this European country which used to be part of Yugoslavia

Cyprus profile
Provides an overview of Cyprus, including key events and facts about this bitterly divided island.

Czech Republic profile
Provides an overview of the Czech Republic, including key events and facts about this European country which was part of the former Czechoslovakia.

Denmark country profile
Provides an overview of Denmark, including key events and facts about this European country

Estonia country profile
Provides an overview of Estonia, including key events and facts about this small country on the Baltic sea

Finland country profile
Provides an overview of Finland, including key events and facts about this northern European country.

France country profile
Provides an overview of France, including key events and facts about this European country.

Georgia country profile
Provides an overview of Georgia, including key events and facts

Germany country profile
Provides an overview of Germany, including key events and facts about this European country

Greece country profile
Provides an overview of Greece, including key events and facts about this European country

Hungary country profile
Provides an overview of Hungary, including key events and facts about this eastern European country

Iceland country profile
Provides an overview of Iceland, including key events and facts

Ireland country profile
Concise information about Ireland and its people, including figures for area, population, main languages, religions, exports, and more.

Italy country profile
Provides an overview of Italy, including key events and facts about this European country

Latvia profile
Provides an overview of Latvia, including key events and facts about this country which lies on the Baltic Sea

Liechtenstein country profile
Provides an overview of Liechtenstein, including key events and facts about this tiny European country

Lithuania country profile
Provides an overview of Lithuania, including key events and facts about this small country on the Baltic Sea

Luxembourg country profile
Provides an overview of Luxembourg, including key events and facts about this tiny but very wealthy European country

Macedonia country profile
Provides an overview of Macedonia, including key events and facts about this European country

Malta country profile
Provides an overview of Malta, including key events and facts about this small island state in the Mediterranean Sea

Moldova country profile
Provides an overview of Moldova, including key events and facts about this small eastern European country

Monaco country profile
Provides an overview of Monaco, including key events and facts about tiny kingdom on the Mediterranean Sea

Montenegro country profile
Provides an overview of Montenegro, including key events and facts about this Mediterranean country which used to be part of the former Yugoslavia

Netherlands profile
Provides an overview of the Netherlands, including key events and facts about this European country

Norway profile
Provides an overview of Norway, including key events and facts about this north European country

Poland country profile
Provides an overview of Poland, including key events and facts about this European country

Portugal profile
Provides an overview of Portugal, including key events and facts about this European country

Romania profile
Provides an overview of Romania, including key events and facts about this European country

Russia country profile
Provides an overview of Russia, including key events and facts about this major world power

San Marino country profile
Provides an overview of San Marino, including key events and facts about this tiny European country

Serbia country profile
Provides an overview of Serbia, including key events and facts about this European country which used to be part of Yugoslavia

Slovakia country profile
Provides an overview of Slovakia, including key events and facts about this European country

Slovenia country profile
Provides an overview of Slovenia, including key events and facts about this European country which used to be part of Yugoslavia

Spain country profile
Provides an overview of Spain, including key events and facts about this tropical island off India's southern tip.

Sweden country profile
Provides an overview of Sweden, including key events and facts about this European country.

Switzerland country profile
Provides an overview of Switzerland, including key events and facts about this European country

Turkey country profile
Provides an overview of Turkey, including key events and facts about this country which straddles Europe and Asia

Ukraine country profile
Provides an overview of Ukraine, including key events and facts about Europe's second biggest country

United Kingdom country profile
Provides an overview of the United Kingdom, including key events and facts about this European country

Vatican country profile
Provides an overview of the Vatican, including key events and facts about the world's smallest independent state

Abkhazia profile
A profile of Abkhazia, which declared itself independent but which Georgia considers a break-away region

Regions and territories: Ajaria
An overview of Ajaria including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Catalonia profile - Overview
Provides an overview of Catalonia, including key events and facts about this culturally and politically distinct region of Spain.

Regions and territories: Ceuta, Melilla
A profile of the Spanish north African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla

Channel Islands profile
An overview of the Channel Islands, which are possessions of the British Crown and have independent administrations

Chechnya profile
Provides an overview, key facts and history of this Russian republic which was the scene of a major separatist conflict in the 1990s

Regions and territories: Corsica
An overview of Corsica including key facts and notes on the media

Crimea profile
Provides and overview, basic facts and key events for the semi-autonomous region of Ukraine

Dagestan profile - Overview
Provides an overview of Dagestan, including key events and facts about this diverse and volatile republic in Russia's North Caucasus.

Faroe Islands profile
Provides an overview, basic facts and key events for this island belonging of Denmark

Gibraltar profile
Provides and overview of Gibraltar, plus key facts and dates for this British territory which is claimed by Spain

Greenland profile
Provides an overview of Greenland, including key events and facts about this Danish dependent territory

Ingushetia profile - Overview
Provides an overview of Ingushetia, including key events and facts about this republic in Russia's North Caucasus.

Isle of Man profile
Provides an overview of the Isle of Man, including key events and facts about this wealthy possession of the British Crown

Kabardino-Balkaria profile
Provides an overview, basic information and key events for this Russian republic

Kaliningrad profile
Provides an overview, basic facts and key events for this Russian exclave

Regions and territories: Kalmykia
Key facts, dates and events

Karachay-Cherkessia profile
Provides an overview, basic facts and key dates for this Russian republic

Kosovo profile
Provides an overview, basic facts and key events for this territory which unilaterally declared independence from Serbia in 2008

Nagorno-Karabakh profile
Provides an overview, basic facts and key events in this break-away republic completely surrounded by Azerbaijan

North Ossetia profile
Provides and overview, basic facts and key events for this territory

South Ossetia profile
Provides and overview, basic facts and key events for this territory which has claimed independence from Georgia

Trans-Dniester profile
Provides and overview, basic facts and key events for this break-away region which has proclaimed independence from Moldova

VIDEO: Russian billionaire: Why I funded Sochi
Russian business tycoon Oleg Deripaska explains that he co-funded the Sochi Olympics after spending childhood summers at the resort - but he expects his investment to "pay back".

VIDEO: Couple charged in Sweden for smacking
A Malaysian couple have been charged in Sweden for allegedly smacking their four children.

VIDEO: Row stops Europe Valentine's deliveries
Millions of flowers that were destined for cities across Europe are unlikely to be delivered because of an ongoing border dispute between Bulgaria and Turkey.

VIDEO: Swiss reaction to immigration vote
Imogen Foulkes reports on the Swiss reaction to the vote to reintroduce immigration quotas and abandon free movement of people in Switzerland.

VIDEO: EU to review Swiss ties after vote
Swiss voters have narrowly backed a referendum proposal to bring back strict quotas for immigration from European Union countries.

VIDEO: Italian avalanche caught on camera
An avalanche has been caught on camera in northern Italy after recent record snowfalls.

VIDEO: Shifting sands to shield Dutch coast
A delegation of experts from the Netherlands is in London to advise the UK government on long-term measures to prevent flooding.

VIDEO: Is disappearing ice cap an opportunity?
Norwegian prime minister Erna Solberg says as the Arctic ice recedes her country will not drill for gas or oil by the cap - but it does open the way for further economic development for the people living there.

Meeting a Romanian Communist jailer
Romania ex-jailer suspected of brutal crimes

Olympic figure skater sorry for 'racist' tweet
Russian ex-Olympic champion gives her account of 'racist' tweet

A year of two popes: What's changed at Vatican?
What's changed at the Vatican since Pope Benedict resigned?

The urban explorers of the ex-USSR
The explorers who climb bridges and disused satellite dishes

The Ukraine currency blame game
What is really behind the fall in Ukraine's currency?

In pictures: US-French relations
Images showing French-US relations through the years

Sochi 2014: Hi-tech Winter Games
The technology behind the Sochi 2014 Winter Games

Why figure skaters are drawn to Schindler's List music
Is it bad taste to skate to Schindler's List music?

Why did Copenhagen Zoo kill its giraffe?
Why Copenhagen Zoo ignored calls to save a young giraffe

hello,
welcome to Europeanadventure.info

Eastern Europe

Geography

Consisting of Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and the Ukraine, the region stretches across Eurasia from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic and is home to 300 million people. By far the largest member is the Russian Federation, the world's largest country by area stretching for 8,000 kilometers at its widest. On the western side of Russia is the north-south running Ural Mountains which serve as a natural divide between the country and the rest of Europe. The majority of Russians live in the southern regions with the capital of Moscow numbering 10 million residents. Eastward of Russia, Ukraine (46 million) is the second-highest populated country followed by Poland (38 million) and Romania (22 million).

Politics,Economics and Religion

Once under the mantle of the Soviet Union, the nations of Eastern Europe continue to forge paths of prosperity and independence away from the shadow of communism. Life in post-Soviet Russia has been a struggle for its citizens as the country re-forges itself under capitalism and the global marketplace. Recent years have seen Russia achieve financial successes due to its vast resource-based industry, pushing up the standard of living for the average commoner and creating some fabulously wealthy billionaires. Russia faces growing concern over mounting crime, widespread corruption, terrorism and the need to rebuild its aging infrastructure. Those countries that were members of the former Soviet Union have had to also undergo major changes in government and enterprise but generally have had easier transformation to Western values than Russia herself as they have smaller populations, favorable climates and low military demands.

History

This area is steeped in centuries of history with many old castles, churches and structures built in a wide variety of architectural styles.

Climate

A wide range of climate can be found in Russia with the northern climes (such as Siberia) retaining arctic or sub-arctic temperatures annually while the southern most points are subtropical and have warm summers.

Southern Europe

Geography

Many diverse nations can be found here: Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, the Republic of Macedonia, Romania, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, Gibraltar and the tiny city-state of Holy See (Vatican City), the world's smallest recognized country.

Politics,Economics and Religion

The countries lying in the northern portion of the Mediterranean Sea region make up some of the wealthiest members of the European Union. Nearly one-quarter of a billion people live in these nations and enjoy relatively stable forms of government, robust economies and a higher standard of living than their neighbours in Eastern Europe and Asia.

History

Each nation has its own rich historical background, unique language and cultural traditions dating back thousands of years. For example, Greece has records that stretch back thousands of years and is considered one of the birthplaces for western civilization and science. While ethnicity is diverse, language is more specific and usually spoken in a particular country. Most citizens closer to the western side of the region speak a romance language, one that has its origins with the ancient Roman Empire and Latin, this is the case with Romanian, Italian, Spanish and Aromanian. Slavic languages are predominant in the east - Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzgovenia. Many cities and sites of international importance are to be found here: Rome and the Colosseum; Athens and the Parthenon; Madrid and its stunning architecture; and the magnificence of Holy See (Vatican City), the spiritual center for Catholics worldwide.

Climate

Bordered in the south by the Mediterranean Sea, Southern Europe enjoys favorable year-round weather and is an ideal destination for Northern Europeans wanting a holiday close to home.